categories: europe travel
In the ground at Bebelplatz, which is a central square in Berlin by the opera house, is a curious site. There is a window that looks down on a room with empty bookshelves with enough space for 20,000 books. This is a monument to remember a book burning ceremony held on this spot on May 10, 1933 by the S.A. (“brownshirts”) and Nazi youth groups. The book burning was the idea of the Propaganda Minister, Joseph Goebbels. In all 20,000 books were burned including the works of Jews, Communists, and pacifists. Books were burned by authors such as Thomas Mann, Erich Maria Remarque, Heinrich Heine, Karl Marx.